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The identification of Australian low-risk gambling limits: A comparison of gambling-related harm measures

Dowling, Nicole, Greenwood, Christopher, Merkouris, Stephanie, Youssef, George, Browne, M, Rockloff, M and Myers, P 2021, The identification of Australian low-risk gambling limits: A comparison of gambling-related harm measures, Journal of Behavioral Addictions, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 21-34, doi: 10.1556/2006.2021.00012.

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Title The identification of Australian low-risk gambling limits: A comparison of gambling-related harm measures
Author(s) Dowling, NicoleORCID iD for Dowling, Nicole orcid.org/0000-0001-8592-2407
Greenwood, Christopher
Merkouris, StephanieORCID iD for Merkouris, Stephanie orcid.org/0000-0001-9037-6121
Youssef, GeorgeORCID iD for Youssef, George orcid.org/0000-0002-6178-4895
Browne, M
Rockloff, M
Myers, P
Journal name Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Volume number 10
Issue number 1
Start page 21
End page 34
Total pages 14
Publisher Akademiai Kiado Zrt.
Place of publication Budapest, Hungary
Publication date 2021-04-16
ISSN 2062-5871
2063-5303
Keyword(s) gambling
gambling harm
gambling-related harm
low-risk guidelines
low-risk limits
responsible gambling
Summary Abstract Background and aimsProblem gambling severity and gambling-related harm are closely coupled, but conceptually distinct, constructs. The primary aim was to compare low-risk gambling limits when gambling-related harm was defined using the negative consequence items of the Problem Gambling Severity Index (PGSI-Harm) and the Short Gambling Harms Scale items (SGHS-Harm). A secondary aim was compare low-risk limits derived using a definition of harm in which at least two harms across different domains (e.g. financial and relationship) were endorsed with a definition of harm in which at least two harms from any domain were endorsed.MethodsData were collected from dual-frame computer-assisted telephone interviews of 5,000 respondents in the fourth Social and Economic Impact Study (SEIS) of Gambling in Tasmania. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyse were conducted to identify low-risk gambling limits.ResultsPGSI-Harm and SGHS-Harm definitions produced similar overall limits: 30–37 times per year; AUD$510–$544 per year; expenditure comprising no more than 10.2–10.3% of gross personal income; 400–454 minutes per year; and 2 types of gambling activities per year. Acceptable limits (AUC ≥0.70) were identified for horse/dog racing, keno, and sports/other betting using the PGSI definition; and electronic gaming machines, keno, and bingo using the SGHS definition. The requirement that gamblers endorse two or more harms across different domains had a relatively negligible effect.Discussion and conclusionsAlthough replications using alternative measures of harm are required, previous PGSI-based limits appear to be robust thresholds that have considerable potential utility in the prevention of gambling-related harm.
Language eng
DOI 10.1556/2006.2021.00012
Indigenous content off
Field of Research 170199 Psychology not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Free to Read? Yes
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30149812

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
Open Access Collection
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.