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Perceived autobiographical coherence predicts depressive symptoms over time through positive self–concept

Hallford, David John, Ricarte, Jorge Javier and Hermans, Dirk 2021, Perceived autobiographical coherence predicts depressive symptoms over time through positive self–concept, Frontiers in psychology, vol. 12, pp. 1-8, doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.625429.

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Title Perceived autobiographical coherence predicts depressive symptoms over time through positive self–concept
Author(s) Hallford, David JohnORCID iD for Hallford, David John orcid.org/0000-0003-1093-8345
Ricarte, Jorge Javier
Hermans, Dirk
Journal name Frontiers in psychology
Volume number 12
Article ID 625429
Start page 1
End page 8
Total pages 8
Publisher Frontiers Research Foundation
Place of publication Pully, Switzerland
Publication date 2021-03
ISSN 1664-1078
1664-1078
Keyword(s) narrative coherence
autobiographical coherence
autobiographical memory
self-concept
depressive symptoms
self-efficacy
self-esteem
Psychology
Psychology, Multidisciplinary
Social Sciences
Summary The coherence of autobiographical memories plays an important role in psychological well-being, as borne out by recent studies. This study aimed to advance this understanding by assessing whether coherence predicted depressive symptoms over time in adults. Further, it aimed to specify mediators through which this association might occur, namely psychological resources of self-esteem self-efficacy, meaning in life, and optimism. A sample of 160 participants (M age = 26.4, SD = 3.2, 58.1% women) completed surveys at three time-points spaced 1 week apart. The surveys contained measures of the perceived coherence of life stories and autobiographical memories, psychological resources, and depressive symptoms. The results of a path analysis model, controlling for depressive symptoms at baseline, indicated that perceived causal coherence was the only unique predictor of later depressive symptoms, and that this occurred through positive self-concept, represented by self-esteem and self-efficacy. Limitations of the study include no examination of cultural background as a moderating factor and the short time-intervals. Overall, the findings provide further evidence that the perception of how events have unfolded and impacted on one's life and sense of self is particularly important in mitigating depressive symptoms. It extends on our understanding by showing this occurs through changes in self-concept.
Language eng
DOI 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.625429
Indigenous content off
Field of Research 1701 Psychology
1702 Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Free to Read? Yes
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30150050

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
Open Access Collection
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.