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An emotion regulation and impulse control (ERIC) intervention for vulnerable young people: a multi-sectoral pilot study

Hall, Kate, Youssef, George, Simpson, Angela, Sloan, Elise, Graeme, Liam, Perry, Natasha, Moulding, Richard, Baker, Amanda L, Beck, Alison K. and Staiger, Petra K 2021, An emotion regulation and impulse control (ERIC) intervention for vulnerable young people: a multi-sectoral pilot study, Frontiers in psychology, vol. 12, pp. 1-13, doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.554100.

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Title An emotion regulation and impulse control (ERIC) intervention for vulnerable young people: a multi-sectoral pilot study
Author(s) Hall, KateORCID iD for Hall, Kate orcid.org/0000-0001-8648-0313
Youssef, GeorgeORCID iD for Youssef, George orcid.org/0000-0002-6178-4895
Simpson, AngelaORCID iD for Simpson, Angela orcid.org/0000-0002-4798-4567
Sloan, EliseORCID iD for Sloan, Elise orcid.org/0000-0002-2384-2310
Graeme, Liam
Perry, Natasha
Moulding, RichardORCID iD for Moulding, Richard orcid.org/0000-0001-7779-3166
Baker, Amanda L
Beck, Alison K.
Staiger, Petra KORCID iD for Staiger, Petra K orcid.org/0000-0002-6968-5015
Journal name Frontiers in psychology
Volume number 12
Article ID 554100
Start page 1
End page 13
Total pages 13
Publisher Frontiers Media
Place of publication Lausanne, Switzerland
Publication date 2021-04
ISSN 1664-1078
1664-1078
Keyword(s) adolescence
comorbidity
emotion regulation
treatment
young adults
Social Sciences
Psychology, Multidisciplinary
Psychology
Summary Objective:
There is a demonstrated link between the mental health and substance use comorbidities experienced by young adults, however the vast majority of psychological interventions are disorder specific. Novel psychological approaches that adequately acknowledge the psychosocial complexity and transdiagnostic needs of vulnerable young people are urgently needed. A modular skills-based program for emotion regulation and impulse control (ERIC) addresses this gap. The current one armed open trial was designed to evaluate the impact that 12 weeks exposure to ERIC alongside usual care had on young people's ability to regulate emotions, as well as examine potential moderating mechanisms.
Methods:
Seventy nine young people (50.6% male; M = 19.30; SD = 2.94) were enrolled to the 12 week intervention period. Twenty one practitioners from youth and community health services delivered relevant ERIC modules adjunct to usual care. Linear mixed effects regression (with random intercept) was used to examine change over time across the primary outcome of emotion dysregulation and secondary outcomes of depression, anxiety, stress, experiential avoidance and mindfulness. Moderation analyses were conducted to test whether the magnitude of change in emotion dysregulation moderated change over time in secondary outcomes.
Results:
Analyses revealed significant improvement in the primary outcome of emotion dysregulation with a moderate effect size (Mean Change = −10.24, 95% CI (−14.41, −6.06; Cohen's dav = −0.53), in addition to decreases in the secondary outcomes of depression, anxiety, stress and experiential avoidance. No improvements in mindfulness were reported. Moderation analyses revealed that the residualised change over time in emotion dysregulation moderated the change over time in symptoms of distress, depression, anxiety, stress, experiential avoidance, and mindfulness.
Conclusion:
Reductions in the severity of emotion dysregulation, depression, anxiety, stress and experiential avoidance are promising, and were evident despite the complexity of the participants and the diversity of the service setting. The improvements found in each outcome were only observed for those young people whose emotion regulation also improved, providing preliminary evidence for the role of emotion regulation as a key treatment target in this population.
Language eng
DOI 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.554100
Indigenous content off
Field of Research 1701 Psychology
1702 Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Free to Read? Yes
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30150362

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
Open Access Collection
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.