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How to unravel the key functions of cryptic oomycete elicitin proteins and their role in plant disease

Kharel, Aayushree, Islam, Md Tohidul, Rookes, James and Cahill, David 2021, How to unravel the key functions of cryptic oomycete elicitin proteins and their role in plant disease, Plants, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 1-12, doi: 10.3390/plants10061201.

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Title How to unravel the key functions of cryptic oomycete elicitin proteins and their role in plant disease
Author(s) Kharel, Aayushree
Islam, Md TohidulORCID iD for Islam, Md Tohidul orcid.org/0000-0003-2602-9170
Rookes, JamesORCID iD for Rookes, James orcid.org/0000-0003-1479-2339
Cahill, DavidORCID iD for Cahill, David orcid.org/0000-0002-2556-0528
Journal name Plants
Volume number 10
Issue number 6
Article ID 1201
Start page 1
End page 12
Total pages 12
Publisher MDPI
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2021-06
ISSN 2223-7747
2223-7747
Keyword(s) avirulence
elicitins
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
omics
oomycetes
Phytophthora
Plant Sciences
plant-pathogen interaction
Science & Technology
virulence
CRISPR/Cas
Summary Pathogens and plants are in a constant battle with one another, the result of which is either the restriction of pathogen growth via constitutive or induced plant defense responses or the pathogen colonization of plant cells and tissues that cause disease. Elicitins are a group of highly conserved proteins produced by certain oomycete species, and their sterol binding ability is recognized as an important feature in sterol–auxotrophic oomycetes. Elicitins also orchestrate other aspects of the interactions of oomycetes with their plant hosts. The function of elicitins as avirulence or virulence factors is controversial and is dependent on the host species, and despite several decades of research, the function of these proteins remains elusive. We summarize here our current understanding of elicitins as either defense-promoting or defense-suppressing agents and propose that more recent approaches such as the use of ‘omics’ and gene editing can be used to unravel the role of elicitins in host–pathogen interactions. A better understanding of the role of elicitins is required and deciphering their role in host–pathogen interactions will expand the strategies that can be adopted to improve disease resistance and reduce crop losses.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/plants10061201
Indigenous content off
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Free to Read? Yes
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30152799

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.