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Knowledge, attitude, and practices on antimicrobial use and antimicrobial resistance among poultry drug and feed sellers in Bangladesh

Kalam, MA, Alim, MA, Shano, S, Nayem, MRK, Badsha, MR, Mamun, MAA, Hoque, A, Tanzin, AZ, Khan, SA, Islam, Ariful, Islam, MM and Hassan, MM 2021, Knowledge, attitude, and practices on antimicrobial use and antimicrobial resistance among poultry drug and feed sellers in Bangladesh, Veterinary sciences, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 1-14, doi: 10.3390/vetsci8060111.

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Title Knowledge, attitude, and practices on antimicrobial use and antimicrobial resistance among poultry drug and feed sellers in Bangladesh
Author(s) Kalam, MA
Alim, MA
Shano, S
Nayem, MRK
Badsha, MR
Mamun, MAA
Hoque, A
Tanzin, AZ
Khan, SA
Islam, ArifulORCID iD for Islam, Ariful orcid.org/0000-0002-9210-3351
Islam, MM
Hassan, MM
Journal name Veterinary sciences
Volume number 8
Issue number 6
Article ID 111
Start page 1
End page 14
Total pages 14
Publisher MDPI AG
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2021-06
ISSN 2306-7381
Keyword(s) antimicrobial use
antimicrobial resistance
poultry feed seller
poultry drug seller
knowledge
attitude
practice
Summary Poultry production has boomed in Bangladesh in recent years. The poultry sector has contributed significantly to meet the increased demand for animal source proteins in the country. However, increased use of antimicrobials appeared to be a significant threat to food safety in the poultry sector. The poultry drug and feed sellers are at the frontline position involving selecting and delivering the antimicrobials to the poultry farmers. Studies assessing the poultry drug and feed sellers’ knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAPs) are limited. The current study aimed to assess the community poultry drug and feed sellers’ KAPs of antimicrobial use (AMU) and antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in some selected areas of Bangladesh. We determined the respondents’ (drug and the feed sellers) KAPs of AMU and AMR using a tested and paper-based questionnaire. The study demonstrated that most respondents have insufficient knowledge, less positive attitudes, and inappropriate practices regarding AMU and AMR. The factor score analysis further showed that the type of respondents and their years of experience, level of education, and training on the drug were the significant factors impacting the current knowledge, attitudes, and practices of AMU and AMR. The adjusted logistic regression analysis revealed that the drug sellers who completed their education up to 12th grade and had training on the drug had adequate knowledge of AMU and AMR. The data also showed that the drug sellers belong to the age group 31–35 and 36–40 years and who completed 12th grade had good attitudes on the same. Likewise, the analysis further determined that drug sellers belonging to the age category 18–25 and 26–30 years, and interestingly, the respondents who completed education up to 12th grade, had better practices. Spearman’s rank-order correlation revealed a positive association between each pair of the KAPs scores for the respondents. The correlation was fair between knowledge–attitudes, knowledge–practices, and attitudes–practices. Based on the current study results, we recommend educational interventions and appropriate training for the poultry drug and feed sellers to raise awareness and to upgrade their current knowledge on the appropriate use of antimicrobials. This will ultimately lead to reducing the chances of developing AMR in the poultry sectors of the country.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/vetsci8060111
Indigenous content off
Field of Research 0707 Veterinary Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Free to Read? Yes
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30152831

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.