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Association between the school physical activity environment, measured and self-reported student physical activity and active transport behaviours in Victoria, Australia

Crooks, N, Alston, Laura, Nichols, Melanie, Bolton, Kristy, Allender, Steven, Fraser, Penny, Le, Dao Nguyet Ha, Bliss, J, Rennie, C, Orellana, Liliana and Strugnell, Claudia 2021, Association between the school physical activity environment, measured and self-reported student physical activity and active transport behaviours in Victoria, Australia, International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, vol. 18, pp. 1-12, doi: 10.1186/s12966-021-01151-6.

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Title Association between the school physical activity environment, measured and self-reported student physical activity and active transport behaviours in Victoria, Australia
Author(s) Crooks, N
Alston, LauraORCID iD for Alston, Laura orcid.org/0000-0002-4551-8845
Nichols, MelanieORCID iD for Nichols, Melanie orcid.org/0000-0002-7834-5899
Bolton, KristyORCID iD for Bolton, Kristy orcid.org/0000-0001-6721-4503
Allender, StevenORCID iD for Allender, Steven orcid.org/0000-0002-4842-3294
Fraser, PennyORCID iD for Fraser, Penny orcid.org/0000-0001-8279-8324
Le, Dao Nguyet Ha
Bliss, J
Rennie, CORCID iD for Rennie, C orcid.org/0000-0003-3736-4337
Orellana, LilianaORCID iD for Orellana, Liliana orcid.org/0000-0001-5912-9720
Strugnell, Claudia
Journal name International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Volume number 18
Article ID 79
Start page 1
End page 12
Total pages 12
Publisher BMC
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2021
ISSN 1479-5868
1479-5868
Keyword(s) Active transport
ACTIVITY GUIDELINES
ACTIVITY INTERVENTIONS
CHILDHOOD OBESITY
Children
EDUCATION
FITNESS
HEALTH
IMPLEMENTATION
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Nutrition & Dietetics
PEOPLE
Physical activity
Physiology
PROFICIENCY
School environments
School policies
Science & Technology
Summary Abstract Background Environments within schools including the physical, social-cultural and policy/practice environments have the potential to influence children’s physical activity (PA) behaviours and weight status. This Australian first study comprehensively examined the association(s) of physical, social-cultural and policy/practice environments with PA, active transport (AT) and weight status among regional primary school children. Methods Data were from two childhood obesity monitoring systems in regional Victoria, Australia. Measured height and weight were collected from students in Year 2 (aged approx. 7–8 years), Year 4 (9–10 years), and Year 6 (11–12 years). Self–reported PA behaviour, including AT were collected from students in Year 4 and 6 and a sub-sample wore an ActiGraph (wGT3X-BT) accelerometer for 7-days. A school physical activity environment audit was completed by the school principal and responses were used to calculate school physical activity environment scores (PAES) and active transport environment scores (ATES). Mixed effects logistic regression was used to assess the relationship between the proportion of students meeting the PA guidelines (≥60mins/day of moderate-to-vigorous PA) and PAES tertiles (low, medium, high) and those using AT and school ATES tertiles, controlling for gender, school size/type and socioeconomic composition. Results The analysed sample included 54/146 (37%) schools and 3360/5376 (64%) students. In stratified analysis, girls in schools with a medium PAES score were more likely to meet the objectively measured PA guideline compared to low PAES score (OR 2.3, 95%CI 1.27, 4.16). Similarly, students in schools with a medium or high ATES score had higher odds of self-reported AT (medium OR 3.15, 95%CI 1.67, 5.94; high OR 3.71, 95%CI: 1.80, 7.64). No association between PAES or ATES and weight status were observed. Self-reported AT among boys (OR 1.59, 95%CI 1.19, 2.13) and girls (OR 1.56, 95%CI 1.08, 2.27) was associated with higher odds of meeting self-reported PA guidelines on all 7-days than those who did not report using AT. Conclusions In this study of regional Victorian primary schools, PA environments were only associated with girls’ adherence to PA guidelines. School AT environments were strongly associated with students’ AT behaviours and with increased likelihood of students being physically active.
Language eng
DOI 10.1186/s12966-021-01151-6
Field of Research 11 Medical and Health Sciences
13 Education
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Free to Read? Yes
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30152859

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
Population Health
Open Access Collection
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.