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A ‘new normal’ of code-switching: Covid-19, the Indonesian media and language change

Foster, SM and Welsh, Alistair 2021, A ‘new normal’ of code-switching: Covid-19, the Indonesian media and language change, Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 200-210, doi: 10.17509/ijal.v11i1.34621.

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Title A ‘new normal’ of code-switching: Covid-19, the Indonesian media and language change
Author(s) Foster, SM
Welsh, AlistairORCID iD for Welsh, Alistair orcid.org/0000-0002-4238-1636
Journal name Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics
Volume number 11
Issue number 1
Start page 200
End page 210
Total pages 11
Publisher Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia (UPI)
Place of publication Bandung, Indonesia
Publication date 2021
ISSN 2301-9468
2502-6747
Keyword(s) Code-switching
COVID-19
Indonesian
language change
Summary The COVID-19 pandemic has changed behavioural norms and how people conceptualise everyday life. It has led to prolific use of specific terminology that is new or was previously outside the lexical boundaries of common use. Terms like ‘social distancing’, ‘lockdown’ and ‘new normal' were previously jargon limited to specialist fields. The COVID-19 pandemic which spread globally in 2020 has led to great social change and an associated lexical influence. To study this phenomenon, we examine the lexical effects of COVID-19 on the Indonesian language, through analysis of two well-known Indonesian national newspapers – Kompas and Suara Pembaruan, for the month of May 2020. This was at a time of growing awareness of COVID-19 in Indonesia, that included a partial lockdown in Jakarta. As such, there was a great deal of attention to COVID-19 in the mass media. To study this, we apply quantitative content analysis to the sample data to identify the range and frequency of words borrowed from English. We examine this use of code-switching to also undertake qualitative analysis, exploring the various socio-linguistic dimensions of those borrowed terms. Some usage was found to address lexical gaps in Indonesian language, where other usage appeared more for stylistic, emphatic purposes, drawing on the semiotic power of English in the Indonesian context. Code-switching reiteration was particularly prominent in the sample data. We argue that through code-switching reiteration, the print media can introduce new foreign vocabulary to Indonesian readers, which subsequently generates opportunities for language change. COVID-19 has expedited this process, meaning that there has been an increased likelihood of Indonesian language change during 2020.
Language eng
DOI 10.17509/ijal.v11i1.34621
Field of Research 200405 Language In Culture and Society (Sociolinguistics)
200403 Discourse and Pragmatics
1302 Curriculum and Pedagogy
2004 Linguistics
Socio Economic Objective 950201 Communication Across Languages and Culture
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Free to Read? Yes
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30153296

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.