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Knowledge, attitude, and practices on antimicrobial use and antimicrobial resistance among commercial poultry farmers in Bangladesh

Hassan, Mohammad Mahmudul, Kalam, Md Abul, Alim, Md Abdul, Shano, Shahanaj, Nayem, Md Raihan Khan, Badsha, Md Rahim, Mamun, Md Abdullah Al, Hoque, Ashraful, Tanzin, Abu Zubayer, Nath, Chandan, Khanom, Hamida, Khan, Shahneaz Ali, Islam, Md Mazharul, Uddin, Md Bashir and Islam, Ariful 2021, Knowledge, attitude, and practices on antimicrobial use and antimicrobial resistance among commercial poultry farmers in Bangladesh, Antibiotics, vol. 10, no. 7, pp. 1-21, doi: 10.3390/antibiotics10070784.

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Title Knowledge, attitude, and practices on antimicrobial use and antimicrobial resistance among commercial poultry farmers in Bangladesh
Author(s) Hassan, Mohammad Mahmudul
Kalam, Md Abul
Alim, Md Abdul
Shano, Shahanaj
Nayem, Md Raihan Khan
Badsha, Md Rahim
Mamun, Md Abdullah Al
Hoque, Ashraful
Tanzin, Abu Zubayer
Nath, Chandan
Khanom, Hamida
Khan, Shahneaz Ali
Islam, Md Mazharul
Uddin, Md Bashir
Islam, ArifulORCID iD for Islam, Ariful orcid.org/0000-0002-9210-3351
Journal name Antibiotics
Volume number 10
Issue number 7
Article ID 784
Start page 1
End page 21
Total pages 21
Publisher MDPI AG
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2021-07
ISSN 2079-6382
2079-6382
Keyword(s) antimicrobial resistance
antimicrobial use
Bangladesh
food safety
KAP
poultry farmers
poultry farms
Summary Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has become an emerging health issue globally, posing a threat to zoonotic pathogens and foodborne diseases. In Bangladesh, the poultry sector supplies the majority of the demand for animal-source protein. The irrational and excessive use of antimicrobials (AMU) has been observed in the poultry sector. The development of AMR is associated with many factors, including the knowledge and attitudes of poultry farmers. Therefore, AMR reduction requires intervention from all the stockholders, including the farmers who are considered as end users of antimicrobials. This current research conducted a cross-sectional study to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) of poultry farmers on AMU and AMR in Bangladesh. We determined the KAP of poultry farmers (broiler and layer farmers) of some selected districts of the country using a tested and paper-based questionnaire. The results demonstrated that most of the respondents have insufficient KAP regarding AMU and AMR. The respondents used a variety of antimicrobials primarily in the treatment of various diseases in poultry. One-third of the farmers did not seek antimicrobials from registered vets. Instead, they depended on others or themselves. The factor score analysis further revealed that the farmers’ demographic and socioeconomic variables were significant factors influencing the KAP. An adjusted logistic regression analysis showed that older farmers with 9–12 years of farming experience and graduate-level education, engaging in medium-sized layer farming, were more likely to have correct KAP on AMU and AMR. Further, farmers from the Cox’s Bazar region showed correct knowledge, whereas farmers of the Chattogram region showed a correct attitude towards AMU and AMR. A Spearman’s rank-order correlation revealed a positive association between knowledge–attitudes and knowledge–practices. The findings of the current investigation provide baseline evidence about the KAP of poultry farmers from low-income resources and offer insights into designing interventions and policies for the use of AMU and AMR in Bangladesh.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/antibiotics10070784
Indigenous content off
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Free to Read? Yes
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30153300

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.