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Food and health promotion literacy among employees with a low and medium level of education in the Netherlands

Sponselee, HCS, Kroeze, W, Poelman, MP, Renders, CM, Ball, Kylie and Steenhuis, IHM 2021, Food and health promotion literacy among employees with a low and medium level of education in the Netherlands, BMC Public Health, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 1-11, doi: 10.1186/s12889-021-11322-6.

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Title Food and health promotion literacy among employees with a low and medium level of education in the Netherlands
Author(s) Sponselee, HCS
Kroeze, W
Poelman, MP
Renders, CM
Ball, KylieORCID iD for Ball, Kylie orcid.org/0000-0003-2893-8415
Steenhuis, IHM
Journal name BMC Public Health
Volume number 21
Issue number 1
Article ID 1273
Start page 1
End page 11
Total pages 11
Publisher BMC
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2021-06-30
ISSN 1471-2458
1471-2458
Keyword(s) ADULTS
ASSOCIATION
BEHAVIORS
CANADA
Food literacy
GENDER-DIFFERENCES
Health literacy
Health promotion literacy
Level of education
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
OBESITY
Prevention
Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Science & Technology
Self-perceived food literacy
Socioeconomic health inequities
WOMEN
Workplace
Summary Abstract Background Prior research indicates a positive association between socioeconomic position and health literacy levels. We hypothesize comparable socioeconomic gradients for food literacy. This study aims to determine the level of self-perceived food literacy and health promotion literacy among adults with a low and medium level of education and from various subgroups, as well as the association between these food and health literacy levels. Furthermore, this study aims to explore the associations of self-perceived food literacy (SPFL) and health promotion literacy (HPL) in BMI. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted among employees with a low and medium level of education. Descriptive analyses were performed to compute SPFL and HPL levels. Analyses of variance were performed to test differences between subgroups. The correlation between SPFL and HPL was computed by Pearson’s r. Multivariate linear regression analyses were used to explore 1) the association between SPFL and HPL adjusted for demographic characteristics 2) the associations between SPFL and HPL in BMI. Results The majority (63.1%) of all participants (n = 222) scored low on SPFL and 34.5% scored inadequate or problematic on HPL. No significant educational or weight-status differences were found in SPFL or HPL levels. On most levels, women compared to men and older compared to younger employees scored significantly higher. A small positive correlation between the two mean levels was found, r = .25, P < .001 (n = 203). Multivariate linear regression analyses showed a significant association between SPFL and HPL (B = .31, 95% CI = .15–.48). No significant associations between SPFL and HPL in BMI were found. Conclusions This study suggests there is room for improvement in SPFL and HPL among adults with a low and medium level of education. Future research should consider comparing low and middle socioeconomic with high socioeconomic groups when exploring food and health literacy. Regarding health promotion activities for adults with a low and medium level of education, it is recommended to focus on improving both food and health literacy. Furthermore, more research is needed to explore direct proxies of weight-status to better understand the role of food and health literacy in overweight patterns.
Language eng
DOI 10.1186/s12889-021-11322-6
Field of Research 1117 Public Health and Health Services
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Free to Read? Yes
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30153804

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.