Leptin and Melanocortin Signaling Mediates Hypertension in Offspring From Female Rabbits Fed a High-Fat Diet During Gestation and Lactation

Lim, K, Burke, SL, Marques, FZ, Jackson, KL, Gueguen, C, Sata, Y, Armitage, James and Head, GA 2021, Leptin and Melanocortin Signaling Mediates Hypertension in Offspring From Female Rabbits Fed a High-Fat Diet During Gestation and Lactation, Frontiers in Physiology, vol. 12, pp. 1-18, doi: 10.3389/fphys.2021.693157.

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Title Leptin and Melanocortin Signaling Mediates Hypertension in Offspring From Female Rabbits Fed a High-Fat Diet During Gestation and Lactation
Author(s) Lim, K
Burke, SL
Marques, FZ
Jackson, KL
Gueguen, C
Sata, Y
Armitage, JamesORCID iD for Armitage, James orcid.org/0000-0002-3762-0911
Head, GA
Journal name Frontiers in Physiology
Volume number 12
Article ID 693157
Start page 1
End page 18
Total pages 18
Publisher Frontiers Media
Place of publication Lausanne, Switzerland
Publication date 2021
ISSN 1664-042X
1664-042X
Keyword(s) ALTERS LEPTIN
ARTERIAL-PRESSURE
BLOOD-PRESSURE
BRAIN
hypertension
HYPOTHALAMUS
INSULIN
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
maternal high-fat diet
MATERNAL OBESITY
neuronal plasticity
NEUROTROPHIC FACTOR
Physiology
programming
Science & Technology
SENSITIVITY
sympathetic nerve activity
SYMPATHETIC-NERVE ACTIVITY
Summary Maternal high-fat diet in rabbits leads to hypertension and elevated renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) in adult offspring but whether this is due to adiposity or maternal programming is unclear. We gave intracerebroventricular (ICV) and ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) administration of leptin-receptor antagonist, α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (αMSH), melanocortin-receptor antagonist (SHU9119), or insulin-receptor (InsR) antagonist to conscious adult offspring from mothers fed a high-fat diet (mHFD), control diet (mCD), or mCD offspring fed HFD for 10d (mCD10d, to deposit equivalent fat but not during development). mHFD and mCD10d rabbits had higher mean arterial pressure (MAP, +6.4 mmHg, +12.1 mmHg, p < 0.001) and RSNA (+2.3 nu, +3.2 nu, p < 0.01) than mCD, but all had similar plasma leptin. VMH leptin-receptor antagonist reduced MAP (−8.0 ± 3.0 mmHg, p < 0.001) in mCD10d but not in mHFD or mCD group. Intracerebroventricular leptin-receptor antagonist reduced MAP only in mHFD rabbits (p < 0.05). Intracerebroventricular SHU9119 reduced MAP and RSNA in mHFD but only reduced MAP in the mCD10d group. VMH αMSH increased RSNA (+85%, p < 0.001) in mHFD rabbits but ICV αMSH increased RSNA in both mHFD and mCD10d rabbits (+45%, +51%, respectively, p < 0.001). The InsR antagonist had no effect by either route on MAP or RSNA. Hypothalamic leptin receptor and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) mRNA were greater in mHFD compared with mCD rabbits and mCD10d rabbits. In conclusion, the higher MAP in mHFD and mCD10d offspring was likely due to greater central leptin signaling at distinct sites within the hypothalamus while enhanced melanocortin contribution was common to both groups suggesting that residual body fat was mainly responsible. However, the effects of SHU9119 and αMSH on RSNA pathways only in mHFD suggest a maternal HFD may program sympatho-excitatory capacity in these offspring and that this may involve increased leptin receptor and BDNF expression.
Language eng
DOI 10.3389/fphys.2021.693157
Field of Research 0606 Physiology
1116 Medical Physiology
1701 Psychology
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Free to Read? Yes
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30154233

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Medicine
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