Openly accessible

COVID-19 Related Psychological Distress, Fear and Coping: Identification of High-Risk Groups in Bangladesh

Rahman, Muhammad, Rahman, S, Wazib, A, Arafat, SMY, Chowdhury, ZZ, Uddin, BMM, Rahman, MM, Bahar Moni, AS, Alif, SM, Sultana, F, Salehin, M, Shariful Islam, Sheikh, Cross, W and Bahar, T 2021, COVID-19 Related Psychological Distress, Fear and Coping: Identification of High-Risk Groups in Bangladesh, Frontiers in Psychiatry, vol. 12, pp. 1-14, doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2021.718654.

Attached Files
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads

Title COVID-19 Related Psychological Distress, Fear and Coping: Identification of High-Risk Groups in Bangladesh
Author(s) Rahman, MuhammadORCID iD for Rahman, Muhammad orcid.org/0000-0003-1665-7966
Rahman, S
Wazib, A
Arafat, SMY
Chowdhury, ZZ
Uddin, BMM
Rahman, MM
Bahar Moni, AS
Alif, SM
Sultana, F
Salehin, M
Shariful Islam, SheikhORCID iD for Shariful Islam, Sheikh orcid.org/0000-0001-7926-9368
Cross, W
Bahar, T
Journal name Frontiers in Psychiatry
Volume number 12
Article ID 718654
Start page 1
End page 14
Total pages 14
Publisher Frontiers, Media
Place of publication Lausanne, Switzerland
Publication date 2021
ISSN 1664-0640
1664-0640
Keyword(s) Bangladesh
coping
COVID-19
IMPACT
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
mental health
MENTAL-HEALTH
POPULATION
Psychiatry
psychological distress
resilience
Science & Technology
Summary Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has imposed psychological distress and fear across the globe; however, factors associated with those issues or the ways people cope may vary by country or context. This study aimed to investigate the factors associated with psychological distress, fear, and coping strategies for people living in Bangladesh during the COVID-19 pandemic.Methods: A cross-sectional study conducted in August-September 2020 using online platforms in Bangladesh. People residing in Bangladesh, aged ≥18 years, who were proficient in English and able to respond to online questionnaire. The Kessler Psychological Distress Scale was used to assess the psychological stress. Level of fear was assessed using the Fear of COVID-19 Scale, and strategies to cope were assessed using the Brief Resilient Coping Scale.Results: Of the 962 participants, half of them were aged between 30 and 59 years. Being born in Bangladesh, having graduate education, perceived distress due to employment change, effect of COVID-19 on financial situation, having multiple comorbidities, and visiting a healthcare provider in the last 4 weeks were associated with higher levels of both psychological distress and fear of COVID-19. Furthermore, higher psychological distress was associated with being a female (AOR 1.81, 95% CI 1.33–2.47, p < 0.001), being a frontline worker (AOR 1.50, 95% CI 1.04–2.15, p < 0.05), having pre-existing psychiatric problems (AOR 4.03, 95% CI 1.19–13.7, p < 0.05), being a smoker (AOR 2.02, 95% CI 1.32–3.09, p < 0.01), providing care to a known/suspected COVID-19 patient (AOR 1.96, 95% CI 1.40–2.72, p < 0.001), having a recent overseas travel history and being in self-quarantine (AOR 4.59, 95% CI 1.23–17.2, p < 0.05), self-isolation without COVID-19 (AOR 2.63, 95% CI 1.68–4.13, p < 0.001) or being COVID-19 positive (AOR 2.53, 95% CI 1.19–5.34, p < 0.05), and having high levels of fear of COVID-19 (AOR 3.27, 95% CI 2.29–4.66, p < 0.001). A higher level of fear was associated with moderate to high levels of psychological distress (AOR 3.29, 95% CI 2.31–4.69, p < 0.001). People with pre-existing mental health problems were less likely to be resilient (AOR 0.25, 95% CI 0.11–0.54, p < 0.01), whereas those with having an income were more likely to be resilient (AOR 1.46, 95% CI 1.02–2.11, p < 0.05).Conclusion: Effective interventions to support the vulnerable groups including improved access to mental health services are of utmost importance during the pandemic.
Language eng
DOI 10.3389/fpsyt.2021.718654
Field of Research 1103 Clinical Sciences
1117 Public Health and Health Services
1701 Psychology
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30154502

Connect to link resolver
 
Unless expressly stated otherwise, the copyright for items in DRO is owned by the author, with all rights reserved.

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.

Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 0 times in TR Web of Science
Scopus Citation Count Cited 0 times in Scopus
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Access Statistics: 8 Abstract Views, 1 File Downloads  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Mon, 16 Aug 2021, 21:55:26 EST

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.