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Techno-economic analysis for the role of single end energy user in mitigating GHG emission

Ahmed, W, Sheikh, JA, Nouman, Muhammad, Ullah, MF and Mahmud, M A Parvez 2021, Techno-economic analysis for the role of single end energy user in mitigating GHG emission, Energy, Sustainability and Society, vol. 11, pp. 1-12, doi: 10.1186/s13705-021-00307-3.

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Title Techno-economic analysis for the role of single end energy user in mitigating GHG emission
Author(s) Ahmed, W
Sheikh, JA
Nouman, Muhammad
Ullah, MFORCID iD for Ullah, MF orcid.org/0000-0002-1905-6800
Mahmud, M A Parvez
Journal name Energy, Sustainability and Society
Volume number 11
Article ID 32
Start page 1
End page 12
Total pages 12
Publisher BMC
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2021
ISSN 2192-0567
2192-0567
Keyword(s) Science & Technology
Technology
Green & Sustainable Science & Technology
Energy & Fuels
Science & Technology - Other Topics
Photovoltaic (PV) system
GHG emission
Feasibility assessment
Economic analysis
SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER
ECONOMIC VIABILITY
SYSTEM
CO2
Summary Background: Households, as end energy users, consume grid electricity to meet their energy demands. However, grids across the globe for energy production are majorly based on fossil fuel technology and make the highest contributions to global warming and climate change due to greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions. This generic study aims to investigate the minute role of a single-end energy consumer in GHG mitigation by switching to a rooftop PV system to meet his energy demands and trading surplus energy to the grid through its techno-economic analysis. Method: For the study impact, NASA Meteorological Data are used to select an ideal single energy user equipped with a 10-kW PV system based on annual average daily solar radiation and ambient temperature through MATLAB/Simulink, for 11 populous cities in Pakistan. Helioscope software is used to select tilt and azimuthal angles to maximize the solar radiation intercept. Afterward, RETScreen software is used for cost, financial and GHG analysis. Result and conclusion: A single end energy user equipped with a 10-kW PV system switched to a green energy source from a fossil fuel-based grid has the potential to avoid the burning of 3570.6 L of gasoline by producing 16,832 kWh of green energy per annum, while financially recovering the 10-kW PV system’s 7337$ grid-tied investment in 5 years (equity) and in 9 years (equity) in a 9077$ stand-alone system over its 25-year life. This approach provides relief to end energy users from high priced grid electricity through environmental friendliness by mitigating 8.3 tons of CO2 equivalent emissions per annum from energy production, while providing relief to the main grid by grid stabilization through peak shaving, in the broad sense
Language eng
DOI 10.1186/s13705-021-00307-3
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Free to Read? Yes
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30156125

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.